The leaders of the Green Movement in Iran tried to lead Iran to a more liberal, democratic and secular path during the 2009 elections. Mir Hossein Mousavi, Mehdi Karroubi and his wife Zahra Rahnavard disputed the results of the election in which Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was re-elected but the regime squashed any criticism. During the 2011 Arab Spring, the three called, once again, for a more democratic regime and were subsequently placed under house arrest without any formal charges. During his presidential campaign and numerous times after it, Hassan Rouhani promised to free these three leaders but they remain under house arrest despite their frequent requests to be tried in court or to be released. The regime claims that it doesn’t want to give the three their day in court out of “compassion” for them since they would most likely receive the death penalty for criticizing the regime.